What is a Vaginal Infection

Vaginal infection or Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina. It’s caused due to an imbalance of yeast and bacteria that live in the vagina.

Types of Vaginal infection:

Vaginal Candidiasis

Is caused by an overgrowth of a fungus called Candida albicans, in the vaginal area.

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Is caused due to change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria; note that this will not cause any health problems but can be a bit problematic if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant.


This is a common Sexually Transmitted Disease [STD] both in men and women of all ages.


This is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection, which if not treated can cause infertility.

You should consult your gynaecologist when you experience

  • Itching, burning, rashes, soreness in the vagina
  • Heavier, different colored and smelling discharge
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Redness or swelling of the vulva
  • Vaginal rash

What causes Vaginal infection

  • Usage of antibiotics
  • Consumption of high-dose oestrogen birth control pills
  • Spermicidal contraceptives
  • Douching
  • Tight fitting / synthetic underwear

How can you treat Vaginal infection

Consult your gynaecologist

What not to use for Vaginal infection

Perfumed soaps, washes, douches in and around the vaginal area

Your daily vaginal hygiene

  • Use clean and cotton undergarments only
  • Use breathable underwear
  • Wash the area around the vagina with plain water every day
  • Avoid wearing tight garments