Painful periods, also known as dysmenorrhea, is a common menstrual problem experienced by many women. It is characterized by cramping pain in the lower abdomen that usually occurs just before and during menstruation. The pain can range from mild to severe and can interfere with daily activities. Painful periods are typically caused by the contraction of the uterus as it sheds its lining during menstruation.


  • Cramping pain in the lower abdomen
  • Backache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Mood swings


Heating pads or hot water bottles are applied to the lower abdomen.

Dietary changes, such as increasing your intake of calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B6.

Exercise and relaxation techniques, like yoga or meditation can soothe your period pains.

Risks and Routine Checkups

While painful periods are a common menstrual problem, severe or persistent pain should be evaluated by a healthcare provider. In some cases, painful periods can be a sign of an underlying condition, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
Regular pelvic exams and pap tests can help detect these conditions early and improve treatment outcomes.